Monitoring of Fresh Water from the Air

Use of aircraft and radiosonde in measuring aspects of the water cycle

Silvia, Cam

Questions to be answered:
Monitoring
• How can we best assess aircraft data products? -
• Health related questions:
• Can we Test Water Quality from the air?

Monitoring
• What are the current Satellites that monitor water from space?
How do you access the data?
Does the satellite provide direct information on fresh water? Quantity or quality of water.

Example of using the data for fresh water


• What are the future Satellites that monitor water from space?
How do you access the data
Does the satellite provides direct information on fresh water?


• How can we best use satellite data products?

Data fusion from different satellites, for the differnt aspects of the water cycle

Radiosonde Data

Global Radiosonde Network
Turkey Sites: 8
Syria Sites: 0
Iraq Sites: 0
Iran Sites: 7
Kuwait: 1
Saudi Arabia Sites: 5
Israel Sites: 2

British Atmospheric Data Centre
Iraq: 1
Iran: 9
Kuwait: 1
Saudi Arabia: 11
UAE: 1



Aircraft Campaigns


Arm Campaigns (The Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program was created in 1989 with funding from the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to develop several highly instrumented ground stations to study cloud formation processes and their influence on radiative transfer.)


Aerosol Lidar Validation Experiment - ALIVE (2005)

http://geo.arc.nasa.gov/sgg/ALIVE/index.html

Description: around-the-clock profiling of water vapor and aerosols with the goal of producing a 10-year climate data record.
(Cam Dickinson)

Deep Convective Clouds and Chemistry - DC3 (2010)

Description: The Deep Convective Clouds and Chemistry (DC3) field campaign makes use of two instru- mented aircraft platforms and ground-based observations to characterize the impact of deep convective systems on the composition and chemistry of the mid-latitude upper troposphere and lower stratosphere.
The observations are conducted in three locations: 1) northeastern Colorado, 2) central Oklaho- ma, and 3) northern Alabama in order to gather data on different types of storms and with different boun- dary layer compositions and convective environments, and to improve the odds of suitable storms for study.
http://utls.tiimes.ucar.edu/science/dc3.html
(Cam Dickinson)

Cloud and Land Surface Interaction Campaign (CLASIC) (2007)

http://acrf-campaign.arm.gov/clasic/
Description: The Cloud and Land Surface Interaction Campaign (CLASIC) will be conducted at the ACRF Southern Great Plains (SGP) field measurement site during the summer of 2007. This cross-disciplinary interagency research effort will advance the understanding of how land surface processes influence cumulus convection.
(Cam Dickinson)

Small Particles In Cirrus (SPARTICUS) (2010)

http://acrf-campaign.arm.gov/sparticus/
Description: Cirrus clouds exert significant controls on the Earth’s radiation budget, both reflecting solar radiation (the albedo effect) and reducing radiative heat loss through the atmosphere (the greenhouse effect). Quantifying cirrus albedo and greenhouse effects is an important factor in building accurate global climate models.
(Cam Dickinson)



Case Study
How to get the information from satellites to the politicians
Information (processed data) from satellites
• Are there any satellites particularly suited to the Middle East?

Literature

Example 1
Boughton, J.M., 2002. The Bretton Woods proposal: an indepth look. Political Science Quarterly, 42(6), pp.564-78.
This paper talks about recent advances in remote sensing in hydrology in the US (Cam D.)

Example 2
Chittenden, M., Rogers, L. and Smith, D., 2003. Focus: ‘Targetitis ails NHS. Times Online, [online]1 June. Available at: <http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/uk/scotland/article1138006.ece> [Accessed 17 March 2005].
This paper describes how to achieve environmental objectives of water use (Laura R.)

Example 3
Royal Commission on civil liability and compensation for personal injury, 1978. (Pearson Report) (Cmnd. 7054) London: HMSO.
This paper describes the legality of water use in Somalia (Allie A)

Full list of Examples:
http://libweb.anglia.ac.uk/referencing/harvard.htm